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2020年山东高考英语模拟试题【含答案】

发布时间:2020-06-28

 

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2020山东英语高考模拟试题

第一部分 阅读(共两节,满分37.5分)第一节(共4小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

1.(7.5分)Which book you should read is based on your next travel destination.

??? As you're traveling around Amsterdam, read "The Fault in Our Stars".

??? Previously adapted into a film in 2014, John Greens story of star﹣crossed teenagers famously includes a trip to Amsterdam. The Anne Frank House and The Rijksmuseum are two of many major destinations mentioned in the book. Plus, the bench from the film adaption of this novel has even become its own tourist spot.

??? "The Elegance of the Hedgehog" is excellent reading for a trip to Paris.

??? Before wandering down the Champs﹣lysées, open Muriel Barbery's novel for a delightful peek into the lives of wealthy Parisians. Set in an upscale French, apartment building, the story follows two totally different people who discover they are kindred souls.

??? Bring "One Hundred Years of Solitude" to read in South America.

??? A significant work of literature, Gabriel García Márquez's classic follows generations of the Buendía family as they live in their South﹣American town. García Márquez's magical realism paired with his lush descriptions makes the book a perfect read for visiting some of the breathtaking sights of South America.

??? "Call Me by Your Name" by André Aciman should perhaps be read in the summertime, in Italy.

??? André Aciman's novel is said to take place in the Northern﹣Italian seaside region of Liguria. And if you've seen the 2017 coming﹣of﹣age film adaptation of the book, you'll already know the story describes beautiful summers in Northern Italy, complete with seaside encounters and lush greenery.

??? If you're visiting New York City, enter the mind of Holden Caulfield.

??? "The Catcher in the Rye" is a classic tale of a lost teenager's unplanned trip to New York City. In the JD﹣Salinger novel, Holden visits a nightclub in the East Village, goes ice skating in Rockefeller Center, and takes his sister to the Central Park Zoo.

(1)Which book was adapted into a film in 2017? ??  

A. The Fault in Our Stars.

B. The Elegance of the Hedgehog.

C. One hundred Years of solitude.

D. Call Me by Your Name.

(2)Which of the following best explains the underlined word "kindred"? ??  

A. Powerful.

B. Similar.

C. Gentle.

D. friendly.

(3)What does the book "The Catcher in the Rye" mainly talk about? ??  

A. Star﹣crossed teenagers trip to Amsterdam.

B. A teenager's unintended trip to New York City.

C. Seaside encounters in beautiful summers in Northern Italy.

D. The life of generations of the Buendia family in South﹣American town.

2.(10分)Australia's Prime Minister Scott Morrison has expressed regret over his handling of the bushfire crisis damaging the country. The PM has faced mounting criticism over his government's response to the bushfires and its climate policy.

??? Since September, bushfires have killed at least 28 people and destroyed thousands of homes. Mr Morrison's government has been accused of not doing enough to address climate change, which experts say could increase the intensity, frequency and scale of bushfires.

??? But in the interview, the PM defended his government's approach, which he said took into account the effect of climate change on the bushfires.

??? Each year there is a fire season during the Australian summer, with hot, dry weather making it easy for blazes (火焰) to start and spread. Natural causes are to blame most of the time, like lightning strikes in drought﹣affected forests. Humans can also be to blame. NSW police have charged at least 24 people with deliberately starting bushfires, and have taken legal action against 183 people for fire﹣related offenses since November, according to a police statement.

??? Bushfire conditions eased on Saturday, giving firefighters a temporary short break in areas where blazes are still raging. But authorities have warned that the huge fires, spurred by high temperatures, wind and a three﹣year drought, will persist until there is substantial rainfall.

??? About half a billion animals have been affected by the fires across NSW, with millions likely dead. The figures for NSW include birds, reptiles, and mammals, except bats. It also excludes insects and frogs, so the real sum is almost certain to be higher, the ecologists said. Almost a third of koalas in NSW may have been killed in the fires, and a third of their habitat has been destroyed, said Federal Environment Minister Sussan Ley.

(1)Which of the following statements is true according to the text? ??  

A. The bushfires cause little damage to people's life in Australia.

B. The PM criticized that his government didn't take appropriate methods.

C. The PM took active measures to deal with the bushfires damaging the country.

D. Experts say the government's inadequate action could worsen the bushfires.

(2)Which factor has made the huge fires more serious according to authorities? ??  

A. wet weather

B. lightning strike

C. long﹣lasting drought

D. heavy rainfall

(3)What can we infer from the last paragraph? ??  

A. More animals have been affected than the number shows.

B. a billion animals face extinction due to the fires.

C. Koalas are in an immediate danger of dying out.

D. The huge fires have no influence on insects and frogs.

(4)Where is the passage probably from? ??  

A. A sci﹣fi book.

B. A news website.

C. A fashion magazine.

D. A travel journal.

3.(10分)Ancient Greek used zodiac signs (星座) to judge a person's character traits. Today people are still fascinated with trying to figure out people's personality type based on science.

??? According to The Washington Post, a new study published in the journal Nature Human Behavior on September 17, could tell us something more about the four personality types: reserved (内向的), role models, average and self﹣centered.

??? In this study, participants were asked to rate a number of written statements related to the five main personality traits: extroversion(外向性), agreeableness, conscientiousness (责任性), emotional stability and openness.

??? Researchers found self﹣centered people scored higher on extroversion, but lower than average on the other four traits. "These are people you don't want to hang out with," coauthor William Revelle, told the Daily Mail.

??? Members of the reserved group were lacking in openness and extroversion, but were more agreeable and conscientious. These people are usually unwilling to try new things, but are kind and cooperative, according to the study.

??? People defined as role models scored well in most traits, but were weak in emotional stability. "These are people who are dependable and open to new ideas," said Luis Amaral, co﹣director of the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems in the US.

??? Besides these three personality types, a totally new type was found: average, which gets average scores in all traits. Females are more likely than males to fall into this type.

??? The study also shows that there is connection between personality type, gender and age. For example, role models are usually seniors, while the traits of the self﹣centered type mainly fall in teenage males.

??? However, "certain facts are changing," Amaral told USA Today. "As people mature and grow, their personality also matures and grows."

(1)Which type of people are you probably unwilling to pass the time with according to William Revelle? ??  

A. Self﹣centered.

B. Role models.

C. Reserved.

D. Average.

(2)Which words can best describe reserved people? ??  

A. Extroverted and agreeable.

B. Open﹣minded and considerate.

C. Reliable and pleasant.

D. Cooperative and aggressive.

(3)What can be concluded from the last two paragraphs? ??  

A. Most young people are self﹣centered.

B. Role models are often middle﹣aged people.

C. Personality type has little to do with gender or age.

D. People's personality tends to become better as they age.

(4)Which of the following is the best title? ??  

A. Personality Types Based on Science

B. Personality Types and Age

C. Zodiac Signs and Personalities

D. Extroverted or Introverted Personality

4.(10分)Nowadays, more and more employers and employees work online either full﹣time or part﹣time, and that number is continuing growing. It's believed that flying around the world for face﹣to﹣face company meetings is a waste of time and money. An effective choice to get rid of it is to use Web meetings.

??? A large of group presentations, training classes and meetings are done online without losing the face﹣to﹣face experience. Web meetings are online meetings where an organizer invites attendees to listen to or watch an online presentation by presenters. Besides, Web meetings can be recorded for later us.

??? Presenters can take real﹣time surveys to study how to hold a successful meeting. Some Web meeting software programs can monitor the users' desktop behavior to see if they become distracted from the presentation and begin working on other documents. If so the program can tell presenters when the listeners lose their attention, and how long the distraction lasts. In this way, the presenters will know which parts of their meetings need improving.

??? Web meetings can work well because they're hosted on a server(服务器). Images from the presenter's desktop are taken, uploaded to a server and then downloaded by people who have access to the server. Web meetings require a powerful server to deal with several images a second and "serve" them back to thousands of users at the same time.

??? Companies have two choices when it comes to these servers. They can either buy a special Web meeting server to host their meetings on﹣site, or they can pay for a Web meeting service every time and let the off﹣site provider worry about hosting the meetings. The choice depends on how frequently the company holds Web meetings, the average number of people attending the meetings, and the quality of engineering and information technology.

??? Web meetings are an excellent example of how technology is changing the way we do business. With all the technologies today, the traditional office might soon be a thing of the past.

(1)In what way do some Web meeting software programs help improve the meetings? ??  

A. By tracking the users' state.

B. By giving useful suggestions.

C. By sharing detailed technical data.

D. By providing other presenters' videos.

(2)It's better for a company to buy a Web meeting server if it ??  .

A. relies little on the quality of IT

B. holds Web meetings twice a week

C. doesn't have so many employees

D. has branches in the same city or province

(3)What can we infer about Web meetings? ??  

A. Web meetings help presenters stay focused.

B. Web meetings work without the help of a server.

C. Web meetings determine the quality of engineering.

D. Web meetings are likely to be widely used.

(4)The purpose of this passage is ??  .

A. to advertise servers used in Web meetings

B. to presuade companies to hold web meetings

C. to introduce the benefits of using Web meetings

D. to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Web meetings

第二节(共1小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选项.

5.(12.5分)The year 79 AD would have seemed﹣ just, like any, other year in the Roman city of Pompeii. Each day, the streets were filled, with the sounds of busy shops and customers enjoying the city's many cafes.(1) ??  

??? No one gave any thought to Mount Vesuvius, a volcano close to Pompeii. Vesuvius had been inactive for years. The soil in that area was good for agriculture. (2) ??  But the sleeping mountain was about to wake up…The eruption when it happened, was unlike anything witnessed before. A huge cloud of hot ash rock rose into the air, covering the surrounding area.

??? A young man, watching from a distance, recorded how the thick dark cloud spread everywhere. (3) ??  They took what they could as they tried to get away from the city. But many were trapped by falling buildings.

??? Suddenly, there was a powerful flow of gas, ash and rock. It moved down Vesuvius at a speed of about 450 kilometres an hour. (4) ??   The city was covered by up to six metres of ash. Pompeii became a city frozen in time.

??? (5) ??   Many bodies have been found in the same positions in which they fell. Work continues to uncover the rest of the city﹣and the ancient stories it has to tell.

A. Pompeii was left in total darkness.

B. The city was rediscovered in the mid﹣18th century.

C. The people of Pompeii had no reason to fear the volcano.

D. People bathed and chatted happily in the beautifully built baths.

E. He described how people were frightened by the sudden disaster.

F. When it reached Pompeii, it immediately killed anyone in its path.

G. Smoke, mud, flames and burning stones spewed from the summit of the mountain.

第二部分 语言运用(共两节,满分15分)第一节(共1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

6.(15分)My 83﹣year﹣old mother came to live with me a year ago last November. She was very ill and I had to put my life on hold to(1) ??   her.

??? Each morning, I got her up and (2) ??  her and made her breakfast, and sat with her. I rushed for a bowl when she felt sick, and lit fires to keep her warm. I cooked and(3) ??  her to take a few bites.

??? It's a hard job caring for a sick or dying parent, whoever you are. But it was (4) ??   hard for me, a doctor myself. I couldn't help treating her in two different ways. The medical professional in me led me to examine her in (5) ??   as if she were my patient. As a (6) ??  , I saw the woman who had given birth to me, wiped my nose, sent me to college and had been (7) ??   presence in my life for over half a century.

??? Also, my mother didn't (8) ??  my hard work or understand that other people's help could have(9) ??   the burden.

??? None of the treatments her doctors gave her (10) ??  , and finally her life became about comfort. When finally she accepted the painkillers she accepted the fact that she would(11) ??  .

??? Illness and need took us across personal boundary I'd never before considered. We used to argue a lot, (12) ??   during this time we shared stories and memories and we became(13) ??  .

??? When the (14) ??   came, we accepted the fact that we looked at the world in different ways, but what(15) ??  was that we loved each other.

(1)A. put up with

B. refer to

C. care for

D. take pride in

(2)A. dressed

B. taught

C. evaluated

D. demanded

(3)A. warned

B. forced

C. permitted

D. persuaded

(4)A. especially

B. naturally

C. proudly

D. acceptably

(5)A. enthusiasm

B. curiosity

C. regret

D. coldness

(6)A. nurse

B. daughter

C. doctor

D. professor

(7)A. constant

B. occasional

C. dramatic

D. fortunate

(8)A. enjoy

B. challenge

C. appreciate

D. instruct

(9)A. got off

B. paid off

C. turned off

D. taken off

(10)A. thought

B. changed

C. worked

D. performed

(11)A. die

B. recover

C. defeat

D. improve

(12)A. so

B. but

C. and

D. or

(13)A. rougher

B. tougher

C. closer

D. harder

(14)A. accident

B. chances

C. event

D. end

(15)A. ignored

B. mattered

C. passed

D. affected

第二节(共1小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式.

7.(15分)(1) ??   (locate) in the north﹣east of Italy, Venice is known as "The Floating City". It is made up of over 100 small islands, which are connected by waterways and bridges. (2) ??   (fortunate), water is also putting Venice in great danger. Saltwater is slowly damaging the bases of Venice's buildings. The Floating City is, in fact, sinking.

??? More problems are caused by floods, (3) ??   usually hit the city each winter. But these floods could now be a thing of the past thanks to a new flood (4) ??   (prevent) project. Venice lies in (5) ??  ? middle of a lagoon, and rain and strong winds cause seawater to travel through the natural gaps to Venice. Dozens of gates (6) ??   (build) to hold back the sea until now. Each of these gates is 20 meters wide, (7) ??   the longest about 30 meters long. In the event of a big rise in the water level, the gates will be raised (8) ??   (separate) the city from the sea.

??? But only time will tell (9) ??   this project is the right solution. The important thing is that action is being taken to protect this unique city for future generations. And if it works, it means a longer, (10) ??   (dry) future for Venice.

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分15分)第一节(满分15分)

8.(15分)假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter来信询问你江苏快3APP武术的情况,并想来江苏快3APP学习.请给他回信,内容包括:

1. 江苏快3APP武术很受欢迎;

2. 推荐他来江苏快3APP学习太极;

3. 欢迎尽快来江苏快3APP学习.

注意:

1. 词数80左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯.

参考词汇:1. 武术martial arts?? 2. 太极Tai chi

Dear Peter,

________

Yours truly,

Li Hua

第二节(满分25分)

9.(25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文.续写的词数应为150左右.

??? It was Susan's 12th birthday. She had been expecting to receive a yo﹣yo (悠悠球) from her parents as her birthday gift for several months. However, she received a purple dress instead, which made her really disappointed.

??? "I only want a yo﹣yo as my birthday present. I don't want the dress and I hate purple." Susan shouted at her mother when she saw the dress. "Even a five﹣year﹣old child has a yo﹣yo. Do you know why others don't want to be my friends? It is all because I don't have a yo﹣yo. It is so boring to live in this house," Susan said angrily.

??? Her mother ignored her complaints and changed the topic, saying, "Uncle Brown, Uncle Smith, Aunt Aniston and their children are coming for dinner tonight. So, you can play with your cousins." "But, I don't think there is anything interesting to play in the house." Susan complained again.

??? The guests arrived at 6:00 pm. Susan guided the four children who came with the adults to her room. "Do you have any interesting toys? Susan…" asked Jim, one of the children. Susan felt that Jim was asking for a yo﹣yo. She felt embarrassed and brought out her Snakes and Ladders (蛇梯棋). All the children played the game together. Everyone enjoyed playing the game except Susan. After a little while, her cousin Sara asked, "Susan, can we go downstairs to the basement?" Susan said, "No, there is nothing interesting to play in it. Ignoring Susan's words, the children raced to the basement excitedly. They found there were some empty cartons, ropes, old broken toys…" Upon seeing this, Sara came up with an idea﹣ the memory game. She arranged a few things on the floor and closed her eyes. Then Jim took away an object randomly and Sara should guess what the missing object was.

Paragraph 1:

??? When Susan arrived there later, she looked at the children in surprise. _______

Paragraph 2:

??? That night after the guests left, Susan sat alone in her room. ________

2020山东英语高考模拟试题答案

第一部分 阅读(共两节,满分37.5分)第一节(共4小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

1.D;B;B; 2.D;C;A;B; 3.A;C;D;A; 4.A;B;D;C;

第二节(共1小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选项.

5.D;C;E;F;B;

第二部分 语言运用(共两节,满分15分)第一节(共1小题;每小题15分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

6.C;A;D;A;D;B;A;C;D;C;A;B;C;D;B;

第二节(共1小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式.

7.Located;Unfortunately;which;prevention;the;have been built;with;to separate;whether/if;drier;

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分15分)第一节(满分15分)

8.   ;

第二节(满分25分)

9.   。

第1页(共1页)